Archive for March, 2016



From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

15th Vice President of the Philippines
Assumed office
June 30, 2010
President Benigno Aquino
Preceded by Noli de Castro
Mayor of Makati
In office
June 30, 2001 – June 30, 2010
Deputy Ernesto Mercado
Preceded by Elenita Binay
Succeeded by Jejomar Binay
In office
February 2, 1988 – June 30, 1998
Preceded by Sergio Santos (Acting)
Succeeded by Elenita Binay
In office
February 27, 1986 – December 32, 1987
Preceded by Nemesio Yabut
Succeeded by Sergio Santos (Acting)
Chairman of the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority
In office
June 30, 1998 – January 20, 2001
Preceded by Prospero Oreta
Succeeded by Benjamin Abalos
In office
Preceded by Imelda Marcos (Governor)
Succeeded by Ignacio Bunye
Personal details
Born Jesús Jose Cabauatan Binay
November 11, 1942 (age 73)
Manila, Philippines
Political party PDP-Laban (Before 2014)
United Nationalist Alliance (2014–present)
Other political
United Opposition (2005–2010)
United Nationalist Alliance (2012–2014)
Spouse(s) Elenita Sombillo
Children Nancy
Mar-Len Abigail
Marita Angeline
Joanna Marie Blanca
Alma mater University of the Philippines, Diliman (BA, BL)
University of Santo Tomas

National Defense College of the Philippines
Philippine Christian University (MA)
University of the Philippines Open University

Religion Roman Catholicism







This article is part of a series about
Jejomar Binay





Vice President of the Philippines

Mayor of Makati City

MMDA Chairman


Jejomar “Jojo” Cabauatan Binay, Sr.
[1]^[A] (born November 11, 1942)^[B] is the fifteenth Vice President of the Republic of the Philippines under President Benigno S. Aquino III and is one of five remaining candidates in the 2016 Philippines presidential election.

He was appointed by former President Corazon Aquino as officer-in-charge of Makati City from 1986-1987. After his assignment, he was elected as Makati City mayor from 1988-1998.[2] During this term, he acted as the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA) chairman from 1990 to 1991. In 2001, he was reelected as mayor until the end of his term in 2010.[2] He resigned as Chairman of the Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council and as Presidential Adviser on Overseas Filipino Workers in June 22, 2015.[3]

Binay is a member of the United Nationalist Alliance (UNA), which is a coalition between the Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino and the Partido Demokratiko Pilipino – Lakas ng Bayan. It was founded as an electoral alliance in 2012, and later became an official political party in 2014.

Early life

Jejomar Binay was born in Paco, Manila. The name “Jejomar” is a portmanteau of Jesus, Joseph, and Mary. He is the younger of two children of Diego “Jego” Medrano Binay, a librarian from Bauan, Batangas, a school teacher from Cabagan, Isabela. He had an older sibling who died before he was born making him the only one who survived childhood.[1] After being orphaned at the age of nine, he was adopted by his uncle, Ponciano Binay.[4][5]


Binay finished basic education at the Philippine Normal College[2] Training Department and graduated from the University of the Philippines Preparatory School.

He went to the University of the Philippines Diliman for college and graduated in 1962 with a degree in Political Science.[2] He continued on to the UP College of Law and graduated in 1967 then passed the bar examinations in 1968. He got a master’s degree from the University of Sto. Tomas in 1980 and a master’s degree in National Security Administration from the National Defense College of the Philippines. He took up Strategic Economic Program in the Center for Research and Communication. He enrolled in a Non-Resident and General Staff Course at the Command and General Staff College, AFP and joined the seniors executive fellow program at the John F. Kennedy School of Government in Harvard University. He earned a doctorate in Public Administration (Honoris Causa) from the Polytechnic University of the Philippines, and Doctor of Humanities (Honoris Causa) from the Laguna State Polytechnic University. In 1993, he received a diploma in Land Use Program from the University of the Philippines. In 1996, he finished the Top Management Program at the Asian Institute of Management in Bali, Indonesia. He also took up the Joint Services and Command Staff course in the AFP. He also has a master’s degree in Management at the Philippine Christian University and a diploma in Environmental and Natural Resources Management from the University of the Philippines Open University.[2]

Legal career

Upon passing the bar examination to be a lawyer, Binay took up human rights law. During the Martial Law period, he represented political prisoners in the 1970s for no charge.[6] After some time, he himself was detained.

It was also during the Marcos regime that Binay and other human rights lawyers created the Movement of Attorneys for Brotherhood, Integrity, and Nationalism (MABINI)[7]

Political career

Makati mayor

First term

On February 27, 1986, Binay became one of President Corazon Aquino’s first appointed local officials after Mayor Nemesio I. Yabut died while in office during the EDSA Revolution.[8] He was elected in his own right on January 18, 1988 and was reelected on May 11, 1992 and on May 8, 1995.

He joined pro-democracy forces in preventing the mutinies against the Aquino administration from being successful. His active role in the defense of the Constitution earned him the nickname “Rambotito” (or little Rambo, after the screen hero), the Outstanding Achievement Medal and a special commendation from Aquino.

Second term

On May 14, 2001, Binay reclaimed his post as mayor of Makati, winning over actor, TV host, and then-vice mayor Edu Manzano in a landslide and became a critic of President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. He won his second term on May 10, 2004 by a large margin against 1st district Councilor Oscar Ibay. He ran for his third and last term as mayor May 14, 2007 and won again by a significant margin beating incumbent Senator and actor Lito Lapid. His margin over Lapid has been considered as the largest margin in a local election in Makati City.[9]


In October 2006, the Department of the Interior and Local Government issued a suspension order against then Makati Mayor Jejomar Binay, Vice Mayor Ernesto Mercado, and all members of the City Council following an accusation of ‘ghost employees’ on the city payroll by former Vice Mayor Roberto Brillante, a political rival.[10] Refusing to cooperate with the suspension order, he barricaded himself inside the Makati City Hall. Among those who expressed support were former President Corazon Aquino, actress Susan Roces – the widow of the late movie star and 2004 opposition presidential candidate Fernando Poe Jr. – and several Catholic bishops.[11][12] After a three-day stand-off, the Court of Appeals issued a temporary restraining order. Before it lapsed, the court issued an injunction order, thereby preventing the Office of the President from enforcing its suspension order until the case was resolved.[13]

Binay – together with his wife, Elenita, and nine others – was vindicated by the courts in a graft case filed by the Office of the Ombudsman over allegations of overpricing in the purchase of office furniture. Allegedly, he had irregular purchases worth ₱232 million from the years 1991-2006. The case was also filed by Brillante, who at that time was leading in Makati a Palace-supported signature campaign to amend the Constitution. The Sandiganbayan Third Division dismissed the graft case filed against him and his six co-accused for lack of factual basis even prior to Binay’s arraignment.[14] Critics claim the suspension order was intended to distract attention from the government’s own scandals.[15]

On May 2, 2007 the Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) froze all the bank accounts of the city government of Makati and the personal accounts of then Mayor Binay and then Vice Mayor Mercado.

The BIR issued the order after it said the city still owed the BIR ₱1.1 billion in withholding taxes of city employees from 1999 to 2002. BIR revenue officer Roberto Baquiran signed and issued the warrant of garnishment against the bank accounts that belonged to Binay, Mercado, the city government and the city’s treasurer and accountant.

The city government protested the garnishment order, saying the city had already paid ₱200 million to the BIR as part of a settlement agreement agreed to by Finance Secretary Margarito Teves and former BIR chief Jose Buñag. The city also said the order was flawed, since Baquiran had no authority to issue writs of garnishment and freezing the personal accounts of Binay and Mercado were also unlawful.[16][17]

Ordered by the Court of Tax Appeals (CTA), Binay was made to pay the deficiency in taxes amounting to more than ₱1.1 billion to the BIR, in December 2009.

The garnishment orders were eventually lifted by Malacañang Palace, but not until after Binay slammed the move as politically motivated and patently illegal.[18][19]

Binay’s camp claimed and accused former President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo of political harassment. Because of this, as per the Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG), a suspension order was served against Binay over alleged corruption. The latter said that the tax obligations were already settled between the BIR and the Makati City government.

And again, barely a week before the local elections, the Ombudsman suspended him based on allegations made by a local candidate allied with Malacañan. It would be revealed that the charges were supported by falsified statements. In a repeat of the October 2006 incident, heavily armed policemen barged into the City Hall after office hours, forcibly opening the offices and occupying the building. He confronted police officials and representatives of the Department of Interior and Local Government, while hundreds of supporters once again swarmed the city hall quadrangle to show their support.[20]

The suspension order generated national media attention, and prompted even administration senatorial candidates to protest publicly, saying the action further undermined their chances in the elections.[21] Despite the controversy of this tax liability issue, Binay still won the position of vice president in 2010 by a landslide victory[22]

A photo of then Vice Presidential candidate and former Makati City Mayor Binay, with his rumored mistress, was leaked online.

Though he admitted to having an extramarital affair, he said that the leaked photo was part of “black propaganda” against him, because of his high ratings in the Vice Presidential survey conducted prior to the leaking of the photo.

The alleged “black propaganda” device had little to no effect on the campaign of Binay, who closed the gap of votes between him and leading vice presidential candidate Senator Manuel “Mar” Roxas II in a formerly conducted survey. Despite the issue, Binay’s landslide victory landed him the position of vice president.[23]

Vice Presidency

Binay initially announced his bid for the presidency for the 2010 elections during his 66th birthday celebration at the Makati City Hall on November 11, 2008 but abandoned his bid in order to give way to the reelection bid of former President Estrada. He eventually became Estrada’s running mate and ran under the banner of Partido ng Demokratikong Pilipino-Lakas ng Bayan (PDP-LABAN).

He initially showed a relatively poor performance in the public opinion polls, trailing behind Senators Loren Legarda and Mar Roxas, who was heavily favored to win the race, but his standings improved as the elections approached, overtaking Legarda and tying with Roxas in the final survey conducted.[24][25] He went on to narrowly defeat Roxas in the election by 700,000 votes.

Roxas filed an election protest before the Presidential Electoral Tribunal of the Supreme Court, which is still currently pending.

Binay took his oath as vice president on June 30, 2010, becoming the first local government official to do so.

He was appointed as chairman of the Housing Urban Development Coordinating Council (HUDCC) by President Noynoy Aquino, the same position held by his predecessor, Vice-President Noli de Castro and Presidential Adviser for OFW Concerns. He also heads the Task Force OFW which helps Overseas Filipino Workers who were maltreated by their employers to return to the Philippines with the assistance of the government.


There are numerous corruption allegations against Binay dating from 2014 to the present time:

Issue Location ₱ amount           Remarks          
400-hectare farm[26] Rosario, Batangas
40-hectare farm[27] Bauan, Batangas
10-hectare mango orchard[28]
Two condominium units[29] Rockwell, Makati City 30 million Not mentioned in his Statement of Assets, Liabilities, and Net Worth (SALN)
Three story mansion with elevator[30][31] Banuyo Street, San Antonio Village, Makati City Not mentioned in his SALN
House and lot[31][32] Orbit Street, Bel-Air II Village, Makati City Not mentioned in his SALN
House and lot[31][32] Palm Village, Guadalupe Viejo, Makati City Not mentioned in his SALN
Rest House[31] Tali Beach, Batangas
Rest House[31] Puerto Azul, Cavite
Rest House[31] Tagaytay Highlands
Rest House[31] Alfonso, Cavite
Rest House[31] Zambales
Rest House[31] Pangasinan
More houses[31] Parañaque, Pasig, Mandaluyong, and Muntinlupa Cities
600 ghost employees[31][33] 3 million/ month Authorized by wife, Elenita Binay and Amigas
Wife Elenita‘s link to alleged deception in the public bidding for a supply contract[31] 72.06 million The supply contract was awarded to the Makati City government back in 2001.
Bogus charity project for sister city[31] 40 million
Bogus charity project for calamity fund for other provinces[31] 27 million
Bogus charity project for Project Aral Package[31] 22 million
Bogus charity project to send ambulances to other cities[31] 20 million
Infomercial being shown from 2009–present[31] 230 million Used funds of Makati Foundation Day
Komiks for Vice President Campaign[31] 15 million
Illegal canteen businesses[31] University of Makati and the Makati City Hall
Contract with Triforce Security Agency for the Makati City Hall[31] The security agency is owned by one of Binay’s sons-in-law.
Contract with Red Hammer Construction and Services[31]


The maintenance service is owned by another one of Binay’s sons-in-laws.

Binay counters allegations of corruption against him at the Senate Blue Ribbon sub-committee hearings held in the Makati City Hall Building 2.

Investigations regarding all these allegations of corruption are being conducted by the Department of Justice (DOJ), the Philippine Senate, and the Office of the Ombudsman.

Binay is currently facing accusations by former vice president of the Boy Scouts of the Philippines (BSP), Ernesto Mercado, of accepting and misappropriating money received from a deal between the BSP and Alphaland Corporation back in 2008.[34][35] Initially accused of receiving ₱200 million in kickback from the deal and using it to fund his 2010 campaign for vice president,[36] Mercado has amended his statement to reflect the possibility that if Binay has sold the shares he received, he could have made anywhere between ₱233 million and ₱651 million.[34]

Mercado has also stated that although the Boy Scouts of the Philippines were supposed to have received ₱600 million for their end of the deal, the organization has yet to be compensated. This is seconded by the current vice president of the BSP, Atty. Wendell Avisado who further added that he believes that they will only be paid when construction of the podium in Alphaland Makati Tower is completed.[35] Avisado adds, however, that Alphaland has been consistently paying the BSP ₱530,000 monthly for the use of a BSP podium that is currently being used by Alphaland as a showroom.[36]

Sen. Trillanes believes that if Binay becomes president, he will release former President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo and the 3 Senators allegedly involved in the Pork barrel scam, Bong Revilla, Jinggoy Estrada and Juan Ponce Enrile from detention. The subcommittee concluded the hearings on January 25, 2016.

Currently, Binay’s camp is denying these allegations.[37]

Presidential bid

Binay with Cavite Governor Jonvic Remulla during the signing of a coalition agreement between the United Nationalist Alliance and Partido Magdalo.

Main article: Jejomar Binay presidential campaign, 2016

Initially he polled highly among expected presidential candidates for the Philippine general election, 2016.[38][39][40] However, in the September 2015 Pulse Asia he placed third after Senator Grace Poe and Mar Roxas, the ruling Liberal Party presidential candidate. His trust rating had also dropped 18%.

Speculation as to who his running mate will be come 2016 have seen fingers pointed in many directions, including the likes of PLDT Chairman Manuel V. Pangilinan,[41] Senator Jinggoy Estrada,[42] Rep. Manny Pacquiao,[43] Nacionalista Party President Manny Villar,[44] and Batangas Governor Vilma Santos.[45] But later revealed to be Gringo Honasan.


Vice President Binay disclosed his platform for his 2016 Presidential bid during his speech in the Integrated Bar of the Philippines in Cebu City on March 20, 2015.[46]

He aims to improve the situation in the state colleges and universities, public health hospitals and clinics, police stations, and mass housing. An increase in both salaries and benefits of public school teachers and health workers, members of the police force, and other public servants was also promised. In his plans include a redesigning and re-engineering of the transportation system of the country, as well as prioritizing the building of more infrastructures and the creation of more jobs. He proposes to change the constitution to boost the economy, and speed up the country’s development.[46]

In early July of the same year, Binay expressed UNA’s (his party list) platform for 2016 in a speech:

Ang sigaw ng UNA at ng taumbayan sawa na tayo sa kahirapan, sawa na tayo sa kawalan ng hanapbuhay, sawa na tayo sa kriminalidad at ilegal na droga. Sawa na tayo sa kakulangan ng basic services… hirap na tayo sa manhid at palpak na pamahalaan,

What UNA and the citizens are expressing is that we’re tired of poverty, we’re tired of unemployment, we’re tired of criminals and illegal drugs. We’re tired of the lack of basic services…we’re struggling under a numb and failed government,

Personal life

He is married to Dr. Elenita Sombilo Binay, who also served as mayor of Makati from 1998 to 2001. They have 5 children:[47]





  • Most Outstanding City Mayor of Makati and Consumers Advocate Award


  • University of the Philippines Oblation Run Award Best in Sports Wear


  • Centennial Medal of Honor
  • Outstanding Public Official and Great Achiever



  1. [Note 1]His birth name was supposed to be Jesús Jose Maria Cabauatan Binay, but Maria was not added in his birth certificate.
  2. [Note 2]According to his birth certificate, he was born on November 10, 1942.[1] However, according to other official documents, he was born on November 11, 1942, which is the date he personally prefers.


  1. Singcol, Anna Katrina (May 13, 2009). “Profile of Jejomar “Jojo” Cabauatan Binay”. ABS-CBN News.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia



Senator of the Philippines
Assumed office
June 30, 2013
Chairperson of the Movie and Television Review and Classification Board
In office
October 10, 2010 – October 2, 2012
Preceded by Consoliza Laguardia
Succeeded by Eugenio Villareal
Personal details
Born September 3, 1968 (age 47)
Jaro, Philippines
Political party Independent (2003–present)
Other political
Team PNoy (2012–13)
Partido Galing at Puso (2015–present)
Spouse(s) Neil Llamanzares (m. 1991)
Children 3
Alma mater University of the Philippines, Manila
Boston College
Religion Roman Catholicism
Website Campaign website

Mary Grace Natividad Sonora Poe Llamanzares (born September 3, 1968) is the adopted daughter of Filipino actors Susan Roces and Fernando Poe, Jr. She served as chairperson of the Movie and Television Review and Classification Board (MTRCB) from 2010 to 2012 and in the Philippine Senate since 2013.

She initially studied at the University of the Philippines Manila, where she majored in development studies, but moved to Boston College in Massachusetts, United States where she finished a degree in political science and has spent much of her adult life in Fairfax, Virginia.

In 2004, her adoptive father ran for the Philippine presidency against the incumbent, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, but was defeated; he died months later. On April 8, 2005, Grace returned to the Philippines after learning that her father had died. She began pursuing her father’s rights over the results of the election and campaigned against alleged electoral fraud.

Poe ran for a seat in the Philippine Senate during the election in 2013 as an Independent affiliated with the Team PNoy coalition of Aquino. She ended up winning more votes than other candidates and over 20 million votes, ahead of Loren Legarda, who previously topped two elections.

Early life

Poe was legally adopted by the actors Fernando Poe, Jr. and Susan Roces and she was named Mary Grace Natividad Sonora Poe by them.[1] Consequently, she is an adopted half-sister of actors Ronian and Lovi Poe.[2] While still young, she watched her father from the sets of his movies—even playing minor roles in some of them,[3] such as the daughter of Paquito Diaz‘s character in Durugin si Totoy Bato, and as a street child in Dugo ng Bayan.[4][5] Although she contemplated becoming an actress throughout her childhood, her father wished that she finish her studies first before entering the entertainment industry.[4] Ultimately, Poe did not enter show business.[5][6]


She attended elementary school at Saint Paul College of Pasig and Saint Paul College of Makati.[7] In 1982, Poe transferred to Assumption College San Lorenzo for high school, where she competed in a number of oratorical contests and was captain of the school’s debating team in her senior year.[5] By the time she graduated from Assumption in 1986, she decided instead to pursue public service in order to set a different career path for herself, as well as to avoid being compared to her parents.[4]

Following high school, Poe entered the University of the Philippines Manila (UP), where she majored in development studies. While at UP, she served in the student council as a class representative for the two years she was there. She later decided to continue her undergraduate studies abroad both to experience and prove her independence,[7] and as a form of silent rebellion in order to avoid the possibility of shaming her parents.[4] She transferred to Boston College, where she graduated with a degree in political science in 1991. While in Boston, she co-founded the school’s Filipino Cultural Club and served as an intern for the campaign of William Weld in the 1990 Massachusetts gubernatorial election.[5]

Political career

Election, 2004

Further information: Hello Garci

In 2003, her adoptive father, Fernando Poe, Jr. announced that he was entering politics, running for President of the Philippines in the upcoming election under the Koalisyon ng Nagkakaisang Pilipino (KNP) against then-President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. Poe returned to the Philippines to help him campaign, but returned to the United States afterward.[3]

Fernando Poe, Jr. was rushed to the hospital after a stroke later that year.[8] Grace immediately returned to the Philippines, only to arrive shortly after her father had died on December 14, 2004.[3][9] Following her father’s death, Poe and her family decided to return permanently to the Philippines on April 8, 2005, in order to be with her widowed mother.[3][5][10]

Media regulatory board

In the 2010 general election, Poe served as a convenor of Kontra Daya,[5] a poll watchdog organized to prevent electoral fraud, and spoke publicly about wanting to prevent further cheating in the elections like the way her father was allegedly cheated in 2004.[11] She also became honorary chairperson of the FPJ for President Movement (FPJPM), the group which was organized to pressure her father to run in 2004, continuing the movement’s social relief programs for the less fortunate.[5] On October 10, 2010, President Benigno Aquino III appointed Poe to serve as chairwoman of the Movie and Television Review and Classification Board (MTRCB), succeeding outgoing chairwoman Ma. Consoliza Laguardia,[12] who was appointed to the position in 2003. The appointment came as a surprise to Poe, having learned of her appointment while vacationing with her mother in California only two days before the formal announcement was made.[5] She was sworn in on October 21, 2010 at the Malacañang Palace, and was later reappointed by President Aquino for another term on October 23, 2011.[13] She continued to serve until October 2, 2012, when she filed her candidacy for senator.

While at the MTRCB, Poe had advocated for a “progressive” agency which would have enabled the television and film industries to help the Philippine economy,[14] with her tenure being marked by an emphasis on diplomacy.[15] At the beginning of her term, Poe instigated the implementation of a new ratings system for television programs,[16] which she said was “designed to empower parents to exercise caution and vigilance with the viewing habits of their children”.[17] This was complemented by the implementation of a new ratings system for movies—a system which closely follows the new television ratings system—at the end of her term.[18]

The MTRCB under Poe’s tenure also implemented policies and programs to promote “intelligent viewing”,[19] such as promulgating the implementing rules and regulations for the Children’s Television Act of 1997 some fifteen years after its passage,[20] and enforcing restrictions on the type of viewing material that can be shown on public buses.[21] Despite this thrust, Poe has spoken out against restrictions on freedom of expression,[22] preferring self-regulation to censorship.[5] During this time, she encouraged the creation of new cinematic output through the reduction of review fees despite cuts to its budget,[17][23] and has promoted the welfare of child and female actors.[24][25]

Election, 2013

Further information: Team PNoy

Although Poe was rumored to be running for an elective position as early as 2010,[26] it was not confirmed that she would stand for election until October 1, 2012, when President Aquino announced that she was selected by the administration Team PNoy coalition as a member of their senatorial slate.[27] Poe filed her certificate of candidacy the next day on October 2, 2012.[28] Although running under the banner of the Team PNoy coalition, Poe officially ran as an independent.[27] Poe was also a guest candidate of the left-leaning Makabayang Koalisyon ng Mamamayan.[29] Until February 21, 2013,[30] Poe was, along with Senators Loren Legarda and Francis Escudero, one of three common guest candidates of the opposition United Nationalist Alliance (UNA) of Vice-President Jejomar Binay.[28]

Analysts noted the rapid rise of Poe in national election surveys, which community organizer Harvey Keh attributed to popular sympathy for her father,[31] fueled in part by high public trust in the Poe name.[32] Prior to the start of the election season, Poe was ranked twenty-eighth in a preliminary survey conducted by the Social Weather Stations (SWS) in mid-2012, before the start of the filing period.[33] Immediately after filing her candidacy, Poe initially ranked fifteenth in the first survey of the election, published by StratPOLLS.[34] While she ranked as low as twentieth in a survey published by SWS later in the year, she entered the top 12 in January 2013,[35] where she stayed. In the last survey issued by Pulse Asia in April 2013, she was ranked third.[36]

While Poe herself admitted that her biggest strength in the campaign was her surname, she also conceded that it would be insufficient for her to be elected simply on that alone, emphasizing that her platform is just as important as her name in getting her elected to the Senate.[32] She also dismissed claims that her candidacy was her family’s revenge against her father’s loss in 2004, saying that all she wants to do is serve should she be elected to the Senate.[31] A day after the election, Poe was announced as among the winners with her having the highest number of votes.[37] She was officially proclaimed a senator by the COMELEC board on May 2013, along with fellow Team PNoy candidates Chiz Escudero, Sonny Angara, Alan Peter Cayetano, and Loren Legarda, as well United Nationalist Alliance candidate Nancy Binay (who did not attend, opting instead to send her lawyer to represent her).[38]


In the 2013 elections, Poe ran on an eleven-point platform focused on poverty alleviation, youth opportunity and electoral reform,[39] promising to continue the legacy of her father.[40] Her labor legislative agenda also includes more opportunities, skill development and growth for Filipino workers, employment security for the disabled and handicapped, and protection of workers in the informal sector.[41] Specific policies she advocated in the course of her campaign include reviving the national elementary school lunch program first introduced during Marcos Era,[42] the installation of closed-circuit television cameras in government offices,[43] and stricter penalties against child pornography,[31] continuing her earlier advocacy during her time at the MTRCB. In addition, she has also advocated against Internet censorship.[32]

Poe also stresses the importance of female participation in government, having already filed a number of legislations for the betterment of women and children in her term of office; she has also called for an investigation on the proliferation of cybersex dens that prey on children and women, and an inquiry on the condition of women detainees and prisoners.[32]

“Effective leadership can be gleaned not just from the progress of a few but the advancement of the majority, especially of those who find themselves in the fringes,” Poe said during a speech delivered at the Philippine International Convention Center (PICC) on May 28, 2015. This was attended mostly by female leaders and entrepreneurs. “It is important for women to have genuine meaningful participation in public affairs. Women leaders have an invaluable take on issues of public interest.”[44]


On her first day as a senator in the 16th Congress, Poe filed a bill promoting “film tourism” which aims to make the Philippines a primary location for local and international films. She said that this would generate jobs and promote tourism in the Philippines as well.[45] Poe also filed the “Sustenance for the Filipino child” bill which seeks to give free nutritious meals to children enrolled in public elementary schools and high schools in K-12.[46] It aims to solve hunger and malnutrition which hindered the Filipino youth’s potential. Another notable bill filed by Poe is the “First 1000 days” bill which seeks to protect and support Filipino children in their first 1,000 days after they were born.[47] This addresses the problem of malnutrition of Filipino children by providing nutrition counselling, milk feeding, and other needs of children. In addition, Poe is also pushing for the Freedom of Information bill which will promote greater transparency and lessen corruption in the government. This bill will allow government transactions to be open to the public.[48] In 2015, she led the legislature’s investigations into the Mamasapano clash, which left 44 Special Action Force members dead.[49]

Presidential bid

Further information: Grace Poe presidential campaign, 2016 and Partido Galing at Puso

I am Grace Poe. A Filipino. A daughter, wife and mother. And with God’s grace, I offer myself for the country’s highest calling as your President.
— Grace Poe’s ending remarks of her speech during her announcement last September 16, 2015.[50]

Poe was widely speculated to be a potential presidential or vice presidential candidate in the 2016 general elections,[51][52][53][54][55] with possible running mates such as Rep. Leni Robredo[56] and Senator Miriam Defensor-Santiago.[57][58][59] Poe placed first on a presidential preference poll issued by Pulse Asia In June 2015 with a rating of 30%, outranking previous front runner Vice President Jejomar Binay, who had a 22% rating.[60][61] She also placed first in the vice-presidential poll, with a 41% preference nationwide.[60][62] In an opinion survey issued by Social Weather Stations (SWS) in June 2015, Poe also placed first, with a 42% preference.[63] She also placed first in SWS’ vice-presidential poll, with a 41% rating.[64]

On September 16, 2015, Poe, together with Francis Escudero, declared her presidential bid, in front of hundreds of supporters, family and friends at the Bahay ng Alumni, University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City under the newly coalition of Partido Galing at Puso, composed of Bagong Alyansang Makabayan and is led by the Nationalist People’s Coalition.[65] Former Philippine President and Mayor of Manila Joseph Estrada has given his support to her.[66] On her speech announcing her presidential bid, Grace Poe laid down a 20-point program of government if she would be elected.[67]


Main article: David v. Poe

In June 2015, United Nations Alliance (UNA) interim president and Navotas City Representative Toby Tiangco claimed that Poe lacked the 10-year residency requirement for a presidential candidate. Poe had previously been working in the United States after finishing her graduate studies there, and only returned to the Philippines after her father’s death in 2004. She then revoked her U.S. citizenship to assume the role of chairperson of the MTRCB in 2010.[68][69][70] There was an issue about Poe’s certificate of candidacy (COC) for senator in 2012 for the 2013 Philippine Senate Elections, in which she had stated that she had been a resident of the Philippines for six years and six months. It was argued that it might have been a mistake, but Raymond Fortun argued that she had to prove otherwise.[69] Tiangco stated that even during the time of the 2016 Presidential Elections, Poe would still be six months short of the residency requirement.[70]

On November 17, 2015, the Senate Electoral Tribunal opted to drop the cases against her. The clear implication was that they considered her a ‘natural-born Filipino’ within the peculiar usage of that phrase in Filipino legislation and was not excluded from becoming president on those grounds. Her political rivals Bam Aquino and Pia Cayetano, as well as her political allies Loren Legarda, Tito Sotto, and Cynthia Villar, voted in her favor.[71] The decision was affirmed on December 3, 2015.[72] In their judgment on the case, the SET declared that Grace Poe, a foundling, is a “natural-born Filipino“, which allowed her to retain her seat in the Philippine Senate.[73][74][75][76][77] David filed a motion for reconsideration to reverse the ruling by SET,[78] which was rejected on December 3, 2015,[72] after which he filed an appeal with the Supreme Court.[79]

On December 1, 2015, the COMELEC’s second division disqualified her as presidential candidate due to failing to meet the “10-year requirement” for residency.[80] Under COMELEC rules, the party or coalition supporting her may file a substitute before December 10, 2015.[81][82] On December 11, the commission’s first division also disqualified Poe. The first division, voted 2–1 in favor of the petitions to disqualify and cancel her certificate of candidacy.[83] These decisions were appealed to the COMELEC en banc, which on December 23, 2015, formally disqualified Poe from running as president in the 2016 elections for failing to meet the 10-year residency requirement.[84][85] Poe said she would appeal the disqualification to the Supreme Court. On December 28, 2015, the Supreme Court issued two temporary restraining orders against the decision of the COMELEC en banc.[86]

On March 8, 2016, voting 9–6, the Supreme Court’s en banc allowed Poe to run for president after the en banc reverted the decision of COMELEC to cancel her certificate of candidacy due to her citizenship issues.[87][88]

Personal life

Poe worked as a preschool teacher at a local Montessori education-style school in 1995. In 1998, she left her job as a teacher to work as a procurement liaison officer at the United States Geological Survey.[5] In 2005, she was made Vice President and Treasurer of her father’s film production company, FPJ Productions, and was put in charge of maintaining the company’s archive of over 200 films,[5] reportedly one of the best in the Philippines in terms of the number of films preserved.[4]

Poe is an avid reader:[89] she has read all the books of David Baldacci, who she describes as her favorite author,[5] but she has also read books from a wide variety of genres and authors.[89] She is also a film aficionado, watching all kinds of movies but with a particular affinity for action films, conspiracy movies, movies starring her father,[5] and movies with happy endings.[90] Poe is a tennis player and also has a black belt in taekwondo, having competed in tournaments while in high school.[3]


Grace was allegedly born in Buenavista, Guimaras, Philippines to an unmarried couple. Her mother, Victoria Rodriguez, died in 1996. Her natural father is reputed to be either Fernando or Pacito Montañez, both of whom are deceased.[91][92] Her reputed biological mother gave her up for adoption and took her to Jaro because of poverty and for fear of domestic violence by Grace’s alleged biological grandfather against his children, according to her alleged biological maternal aunt in December 2015.[93][94][95][96] In a latest result, DNA tests between Poe and her alleged younger sister Lorena Rodriguez De Chavez showed negative results.[97]

Her adoptive family claimed she was found on September 3, 1968 in Iloilo City by a woman,[3][98][99][100] in the holy water font of Jaro Metropolitan Cathedral, the main church of the city.[100] When the infant was discovered, the parish priest named her “Grace” in the belief that her finding was through the grace of God;[3] she was christened by Jaime Sin, the Archbishop of Jaro, who would later become Archbishop of Manila.[101] Although the cathedral issued an announcement in the hopes that her biological mother would claim her,[3] no one stepped forward. Grace was taken in by the Militar family,[1] with Sayong Militar’s in-law Edgardo, who was a signatory on the child’s foundling certificate, considered to be her possible father.[101] Sayong Militar later passed Grace on to her friend Tessie Ledesma Valencia,[99] an unmarried, childless heiress of a sugar baron from Bacolod, Negros Occidental.[1]

Valencia was also friends with film stars Fernando Poe, Jr. and Susan Roces, who were newlyweds at the time; Valencia was an acquaintance of Roces and was the one who brought Grace in trips between Bacolod and Manila.[3] The Poes took Grace in after Valencia decided the baby would be better off with two parents in the Philippines rather than with her as a single parent in the United States, where she was moving to.[1][3] Militar was initially hesitant in the letting Poe couple adopt Grace because she was unfamiliar with them, having entrusted the baby to Valencia, but was convinced by Archbishop Sin to let the couple adopt her.[3][99] [100] Controversy surrounds the identity of her birth parents, with a persistent urban legend stating Poe to be the daughter of former President Ferdinand Marcos[102] from an affair with Rosemarie Sonora, Roces’ sister and a former movie star.[103]

Another purported DNA test result was released in November 2015. It was signed by a “Julie Ludovico”, and falsely claimed she was a forensic scientist of DNA Solutions Philippines. This fabricated and faked document showed that fellow senator Bongbong Marcos is a relative of Grace Poe. However, this DNA result was a fabricated and faked document, according to a DNA Solutions official.[104]


Poe has two adoptive half-siblings through her father Fernando Poe Jr. Both of these half-siblings are actors: Ronian, born to actress Ana Marin;[105] and Lourdes Virginia (Lovi), born to model Rowena Moran.[106][107] Although she did not grow up with her half-siblings, even admitting that she met Lovi for the first time only after their father died,[108] she has known of them while growing up, and they respect each other despite not being close to one another.[109]

Poe met Teodoro Misael “Neil” Llamanzares in her senior year of high school.[3] The two started dating thereafter, and married five years later on July 27, 1991, immediately after Poe graduated from Boston College at the age of 22.[7] The marriage went against the wishes of her father, who wanted her to have a career first before marrying.[4] Poe gave birth to her only son, Brian, who worked as a reporter for CNN Philippines,[7] on April 16, 1992, and later gave birth to two daughters: Hanna in 1998, and Nikka in 2004.[7][110] Her family lived a quiet life in Fairfax, Virginia for 12 years.[5]


On October 18, 2001, Poe acquired U.S. citizenship by naturalization after a petition by her husband Neil, who was a dual citizen of the Philippines and the United States. According to her private counsel, Poe applied for U.S. citizenship due to the difficulty permanent residents had when applying for a job after the September 11 attacks.[111] In July 2005, she officially began her permanent residency in the Philippines, shortly after returning to the Philippines to assist her family after her father’s death. She applied for dual citizenship a year later, when she reacquired her Philippine citizenship. In October 2010, Poe renounced her U.S. citizenship in order to occupy a position in the Philippine government as the chair of the MTRCB, as per the RA 9225 law.[112]


  1. Elemia, Camille (September 4, 2015). “TIMELINE: Grace Poe’s citizenship, residency”. Rappler. Retrieved January 4, 2016.



Rodrigo Duterte

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


This name uses Philippine naming customs; the middle name or maternal family name is Roa and the surname or paternal family name is Duterte.


Mayor of Davao City
Assumed office
June 30, 2013
Preceded by Sara Duterte
In office
June 30, 2001 – June 30, 2010
Preceded by Benjamin C. de Guzman
Succeeded by Sara Duterte
In office
February 2, 1988 – March 19, 1998
Preceded by Jacinto T. Rubillar
Succeeded by Benjamin C. de Guzman
Vice-Mayor of Davao City
In office
June 30, 2010 – June 30, 2013
Preceded by Sara Duterte
Succeeded by Paolo Duterte
In office
May 2, 1986 – November 27, 1987
Officer in Charge
Preceded by Cornelio P. Maskariño
Succeeded by Gilbert G. Abellera
Member of the Philippine House of Representatives from Davao City‘s 1st district
In office
June 30, 1998 – June 30, 2001
Preceded by Prospero Nograles
Succeeded by Prospero Nograles
Personal details
Born Rodrigo Roa Duterte
March 28, 1945 (age 71)
Maasin, Leyte, Philippine Commonwealth
Political party PDP-Laban (National)
Hugpong Sa Tawong Lungsod (Local)
Spouse(s) Elizabeth Abellana Zimmerman (Annulled)
Domestic partner Cieleto “Honeylet” Avanceña[1]
Children Paolo
Alma mater Lyceum of the Philippines University (BA)
San Beda College of Law (BL)
Affiliation Lex Talionis Fraternitas
Website Official Website

Rodrigo “Rody” Roa Duterte[2] (born March 28, 1945), nicknamed Digong, is a Filipino lawyer and politician of Visayan descent. Duterte is among the longest-serving mayors in the Philippines and has been mayor of Davao City, a highly urbanized city on Mindanao island, for 7 terms, totalling more than 22 years. He has also served as vice-mayor and congressman in the city.

Enormously popular with the people due to his successful zero-tolerance policies against criminals, he earned the nickname “The Punisher“. Over a period of 20 years, he turned Davao City from the murder capital of The Philippines to what tourism organisations now describe as “the most peaceful city in southeast Asia”.[3][4][5]

On November 21, 2015, Duterte declared his candidacy for President of the Philippines in the upcoming 2016 election after a period of banter.

Early life

Duterte was born on March 28, 1945 in Maasin, Leyte in the Philippine Commonwealth[6] to Cebuano lawyer Vicente G. Duterte, who served as Governor of (the then-undivided) Davao and Soledad Roa, a native of Cabadbaran, Agusan who was a school teacher and a civic leader. Duterte’s father Vicente, prior to being provincial governor of Davao, was once a mayor of Danao in Cebu. Rodrigo’s cousin Ronald, on the other hand, served as Cebu City mayor from 1983 to 1986. Ronald’s father, Ramon Duterte, also held the position from 1957 to 1959. The Dutertes consider the political families of the Durano and the Almendras clan as relatives. Duterte also has relatives from the Roa clan in Leyte through his mother’s side.[7] Before they resettled to Davao, Duterte’s family lived in his father’s hometown in Danao, Cebu until he was five years old.[8]

The Dutertes came to the Davao Region in 1951. Vicente as a lawyer engaged in private practice, while Soledad taught in public schools as a teacher. Mrs. Duterte, however, retired as a supervisor in 1952 when her lawyer-husband joined politics. She left government service owing to the demands of being a wife of an active politician. As wife of the governor, she became familiar with the social and economic problems of the people, especially out-of-school youth, women, children and the disabled.


Rodrigo spent his elementary days at the Sta. Ana Elementary School in Davao City, where he graduated in 1956. He finished his secondary education at the Holy Cross Academy of Digos in Digos City, Davao del Sur after being expelled twice from previous schools, including one in Ateneo de Davao University due to misconduct.[8] At the tertiary level, he graduated in 1968 as a Bachelor of Arts in Political Science the Lyceum of the Philippines University in Manila. He also obtained a law degree from San Beda College of Law, still in Manila, in 1972. In the same year, he passed the bar exam. Duterte eventually became Special Counsel at the City Prosecution Office in Davao City from 1977-1979; Fourth Assistant City Prosecutor from 1979-1981; Third Assistant City Prosecutor from 1981-1983; and Second Assistant City Prosecutor from 1983-1986.

Political career

Davao City Mayor

After the 1986 People Power Revolution, Duterte was appointed officer-in-charge vice mayor. In 1988, he ran for mayor and won, serving until 1998. He set a precedent by designating deputy mayors that represented the Lumad and Moro peoples in the city government, which was later copied in other parts of the Philippines. In 1998, because he was term-limited to run again for mayor, he ran for the House of Representatives and won as Congressman of the 1st District of Davao City. In 2001, he ran again for mayor in Davao and was again elected for his fourth term. He was re-elected in 2004 and in 2007.

Davao City under Duterte won the National Literacy Hall of Fame Award for being a three-time first-place winner in the Outstanding Local Government Unit, Highly Urbanized City category. In 2013, Davao City sent rescue and medical teams to Tacloban to give aid to the victims of Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda). Financial assistance was also given to Bohol and Cebu for the earthquake victims.[9]

Crime figures reported by Duterte, stated that crime in the city was significantly reduced during the period 1985–2000. Duterte suggested that there had been a decrease in crime from a triple-digit crime rate per 1,000 people in 1985 to 0.8 cases per 10,000 inhabitants in the period 1999 to 2005. Furthermore, according to police statistics, the population in Davao City grew from 1.12 million to 1.44 million between 1999 and 2008 (29 per cent). In the corresponding period, the incidence of crime rose from 975 to 3,391 (248 per cent).

One article of TIME magazine shows him patroling in Davao City’s streets on one of his big motorcycles, leading a convoy complete with blaring sirens and M16 rifles. Local news reports show him foregoing the pomp, opting to inspect in a regular taxi, surprising his would-be passengers.[10] In early September 2015, an infamous incident was reported of a tourist being forced to swallow his own cigarette butt in a local bar in Davao City after the tourist arrogantly refused to comply with the public anti-smoking ordinance of the city. Duterte was personally contacted by the bar owner and went into the bar and forced the tourist to swallow his cigarette butt. Duterte was then met with criticisms especially from the Commission on Human Rights (CHR).[11]

Though supportive of the extra-judicial killings of habitual drug users and dealers, Duterte used city government funds to build a ₱12-million drug rehabilitation and treatment center which provides 24-hour services. In 2003, he offered a ₱2,000 monthly allowance to drug addicts who personally approached him and committed to kick the habit. Duterte is also publicly known for visiting remote New People’s Army camps negotiating peace transaction efforts and advocating diplomacy.[10]

Duterte was also the first mayor in the Philippines to give formal representation to the indigenous Lumad and Muslim community, designating deputy mayors to represent their interests in the local government. The anti-discrimination ordinance he mandated, was reportedly a response to news he received that Muslims were being discriminated against by real estate agents.[10]

In a survey released by crowd-sourced rating site dated April 30, 2015, Davao City ranked 9th as the safest city in the world.[12] In the following month, Davao City’s rank moved up to the 5th spot[13] and in June 2015, Davao City gained the spot as the 4th safest city in the world.[14]

In 2010, he was elected vice mayor, succeeding his daughter, Sara Duterte-Carpio, who was elected as mayor. He has been offered the Interior Secretary post 4 times, by presidents Fidel V. Ramos, Joseph Ejercito Estrada, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, and Benigno S. Aquino III but rejected all of them. In April 2014, he also declined a nomination for the World Mayor Prize, given by an international body to outstanding mayors saying “he was just doing his job.”[10] Among the other awards Duterte also refused to accept for Davao City includes the one given by the American Cancer Society and the 2010 anti-smoking award in Singapore.[8]

Law and order

  • Through the support of Duterte, the City Council amended ordinance No. 1627, Series of 1994, to impose a prohibition on selling, serving, drinking and consuming alcoholic beverages from 01:00 until 08:00 each morning.
  • Executive Order No. 39 was signed by Duterte, reducing the speed limits for all kinds of motor vehicles within the territorial jurisdiction of Davao City in the interest of public safety and order.
  • Duterte also signed Executive Order No. 04, Series of 2013 to impose an order creating the implementing of rules and regulations for the new comprehensive anti-smoking ordinance no. 0367-12, Series of 2012.
  • Davao City’s Firecracker Ban was also implemented with ordinance No. 060-02/1406-02, Series of 2002 by the City Council through the support of Duterte.
  • Another known accomplishment was that the City Government of Davao was able to acquire 10 more ambulances for central 911 intended for medical emergencies and 42 new mobile patrol vehicles and motorcycles for the Davao City Police Office (the first and only 9-1-1 emergency telephone number in Asia).
  • Duterte, through Executive Order No. 24, ordered all shopping malls and commercial centers to install, operate and maintain high end and high definition closed circuit television (CCTV) cameras at all entrance and exit points of their premises.


Main article: Davao death squads

I don’t care if I go to hell as long as the people I serve will live in paradise.
— Rodrigo Duterte, [15]

Duterte, who has been dubbed “The Punisher” by Time magazine,[16] has been criticized by human rights groups and by Amnesty International for tolerating extrajudicial killings of alleged criminals allegedly by the vigilante Davao death squads.[16] Duterte has been heavily criticised by numerous organizations for condoning and even inciting murders to take place during his leadership. In the April 2009 UN General Assembly of the Human Rights Council, the UN report (Eleventh Session Agenda item 3, par 21) said, “The Mayor of Davao City has done nothing to prevent these killings, and his public comments suggest that he is, in fact, supportive.”[17] Human Rights Watch reported that in 2001-2002, Duterte appeared on local television and radio and announced the names of “criminals”, some of whom were later executed.[18] In July 2005 at a crime summit in the Manila Hotel, the politician said, “Summary execution of criminals remains the most effective way to crush kidnapping and illegal drugs”.[19]

Unlike many politicians, Duterte is forthright and plain speaking. In 2009 he said: “If you are doing an illegal activity in my city, if you are a criminal or part of a syndicate that preys on the innocent people of the city, for as long as I am the mayor, you are a legitimate target of assassination.”[20]

Duterte responded to the reported arrest and subsequent release of a notorious drug lord in Manila by saying: “Here in Davao, you can’t go out alive. You can go out, but inside a coffin. Is that what you call extra-judicial killing? Then I will just bring a drug lord to a judge and kill him there, that will no longer be extra-judicial.”

Referring to the arrest of a suspected rice smuggler, Duterte spoke out in the state senate saying, “If this guy would go to Davao and starts to unload (smuggled rice)… I will gladly kill him.” For these comments, Duterte was attacked in an editorial in The Manila Times, which condemned “the mentality of lawlessness and vigilantism.”[21] The newspaper argued that this culture of impunity enabled those in power, including officials, “private warlords and businessmen vigilantes” to take retribution against those they felt had acted against their interests: “They kill journalists exposing corruption and human rights activists exposing abusive police and military men.”[21] Following Duterte’s comments in relation to killing a person suspected of smuggling rice, the office of the President of the Philippines issued a statement saying, “Killing a person is against the law. The President has been firm in the belief that no one is above the law. We must not resort to extralegal methods.”[22]

In 2015, Duterte confirmed his links to extrajudicial killings in Davao, and warned that if elected president he may kill up to 100,000 criminals.[23]

Human Rights Watch have called on him to stop the death squads in the city.[24]


Main article: Federalism in the Philippines

In 2014, Davao City Mayor Rodrigo Duterte initiated the holding of a summit: “I am calling on all responsible leaders in the island, from government and civil society organizations, from the business and academe sectors, the leaders of the Church, the military and the youth, let us all forge a well-informed, united front, so we could craft a collective plan of action for Mindanao’s true identity reflective of what its peoples and tribes truly wish and aspire for”, Duterte said in a statement.

Among those who were expected to attend were former President Fidel V. Ramos, Msgr. Fernando Capalla, Ateneo de Davao University President Fr. Joel Tabora, former Mindanao Economic Development Council chair Paul G. Dominguez, and retired General Hermogenes Esperon. Local government heads from Mindanao cities, towns and provinces were also expected to attend, as well as Catholic bishops and Muslim religious leaders.

In September 2014, Duterte met with former mayors and governors in an initial effort to revive calls for a federal form of government. The group, which called itself Mindanao Council of Leaders, made their position public after an informal caucus. Present during the said meeting were Bukidnon Governor Jose Maria Zubiri, former Cagayan de Oro mayors Reuben Canoy and Vicente Emano, former Zamboanga del Norte congressman Romeo Jalosjos, and former Davao del Norte representative Pantaleon Alvarez.

A month later, Duterte was in Cebu City and met with Cebu officials. The event was sponsored by the Federal Movement for a Better Philippines and coincided with the induction of its new set of officers held at the Sacred Heart Center in Cebu City.[25]

Presidential bid

Main article: Rodrigo Duterte presidential campaign, 2016

As early as the first quarter of 2015, Duterte made hints to the media of his intention to run for president in the 2016 elections. However, he denied these plans numerous times amidst clamor from his supporters for him to run.

On October 16, 2015, on the last day of filing for certificates of candidacy, Martin Diño filed his intent to run for president under Duterte’s party, PDP-Laban. Duterte’s supporters clamored for the possibility that Duterte be fielded as a substitute candidate for Diño, in the event that Diño gets disqualified or withdrew. On October 26, 2015, Duterte said on an interview that the deadline for his last decision if he will seek the presidency is on December 10. He also warned the people to abide by the law if he wins.[26] On October 27, PDP-Laban has made it official that Duterte will substitute as the party’s presidential bet if aspirant Martin Diño withdraws or is disqualified by the Commission of Elections (Comelec) from the 2016 race.[27] Two days later, PDP-Laban standard bearer Martin Diño officially withdrew his presidential bid and named Duterte as his substitute because of the possibility that Diño might be declared a nuisance candidate by COMELEC.[28]

On October 30, an alleged campaign video of Duterte and Cayetano circulated on social media that put hopes on Duterte’s candidacy as Cayetano’s running mate. However, Duterte’s aide Bong Go said on an interview that Duterte’s mind hasn’t changed yet but will continue on soul-searching with his family to know if he’s going to run in the upcoming elections.[29] On November 1, Duterte said that nothing still hasn’t changed and he isn’t fit for national office. He also said that he is still waiting for an official communication from his party about his possible candidacy; Duterte will also wait if his daughter will agree to substitute for him at the mayoral race of Davao and he will retire from public service if Sara agreed to do so.[30] On November 2, Parish Pastoral Council for Responsible Voting (PPCRV) executive Dr. Arwin Serrano said that Martin Diño is deemed to face an election sabotage complaint because of proposing Duterte as his substitute for him, however, Diño denied the allegations that his filing of candidacy is just a front to pave the way for Duterte’s possible substitution.[31] In an interview with Comelec Chairman Andres D. Bautista on November 3, he stated that, although they have noted Diño’s withdrawal, he additionally mentioned that they won’t move with any further action with regard to a possible substitution until they have Duterte’s consent and unless it would be made official with a COC and a certificate of nomination and acceptance from PDP-Laban.[32] Duterte himself then further clarified that his decision of acceptance for the substitution offer would be on the deadline itself come December 10.[33]

On November 21 in a private gathering with fraternity brothers from San Beda College of Law, Duterte formally announced his presidential bid and also finally accepted Alan Peter Cayetano‘s offer to be his running mate.[34] Duterte said he is disappointed over the decision made by the Senate Electoral Tribunal (SET) regarding Grace Poe‘s citizenship as well as the current administration’s handling of the ‘laglag-bala’ issue.[35] Duterte further stated that he will file his candidacy immediately after he reached out to his party.[36]

On November 27, 2015, Duterte filed his certificate of candidacy for president through his representative Atty. Salvador Medialdea in Metro Manila shortly after withdrawing his COC for Davao City mayoralty re-election. The document was filed along with a certificate of nomination and acceptance from PDP-Laban signed by Duterte and the party’s vice president, Engr. Salvador Ty. In withdrawing his COC for Davao City mayor, Duterte named his daughter, Sara, as his substitute. Sara formally submitted the document for substitution at Comelec Davao and both COCs were received.[37]

The validity of Duterte’s substitution was further assessed by Comelec and on December 7, Comelec rejected a petition to designate Martin Diño as a nuisance candidate[38] and while the Comelec legal department has assured Duterte that the first COC he filed through a representative was valid, he personally filed his COC at the Comelec national office in Intramuros, Manila on December 8 to formalize his bid for the presidency in the 2016 elections. An estimated 500 people showed up, including students from Duterte’s alma mater Lyceum of the Philippines, to express their support.[39][40]

On December 17, Comelec officially recognized Duterte’s substitution of Martin Diño as PDP-Laban’s presidential candidate for the May 2016 elections. Comelec Chairman Andres “Andy” D. Bautista said in a press conference on the same day:

This means he (Duterte) is now in our list of candidates. So that was an administrative decision that the Comelec en banc made.

The poll body voted 6-1 in favor of recognizing Duterte’s candidacy. Comelec Senior Commissioner Christian Robert Lim pointed out that Comelec has two functions — administrative and quasi-judicial. The decision on Duterte’s candidacy, he said, is administrative.[41][42]

Personal life

Duterte is known for being an avid fan of big bikes but detests luxury cars. He once owned a second-hand Harley Davidson and currently a Yamaha Virago. He was once a habitual smoker but he eventually quit after a doctor’s suggestion due to health concerns. Duterte is also openly supportive of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) rights and is an avid reader of Robert Ludlum and Sydney Sheldon novels.[10]

Duterte also has his own local show in Davao City called Gikan Sa Masa, Para Sa Masa (“From the Masses, For the Masses”) aired as a blocktimer on ABS-CBN Davao. He is also a member of Lex Talionis Fraternitas, a fraternity based in the San Beda College of Law and the Ateneo de Davao University.[43]


Duterte has siblings named Benjamin “Bong” Duterte, a one-term city councilor of Davao between 1992-1995, younger sister Jocelyn Duterte who lost in several attempts to grab a Third District city council seat as well as for the mayor post in 2001, and Blue Boy Duterte who ran and lost in the First District congressional race in 1998. Duterte is also known for his straightforward and vocal attitude in public especially in interviews, showing no hesitation in using profanity profusely live on-screen on numerous occasions despite formal requests by media groups and schools beforehand to abstain.[44][45]

Duterte was once married to Elizabeth Abellana Zimmerman, a flight attendant who hails from Davao City and is of German American descent There are 3 children of this marriage: Paolo (“Pulong”), Sara (“Inday Sara”) and Sebastian (“Baste”). Paolo and Sara ventured into politics while Baste, with no interest in politics, concentrated on business.[44] In 2012, Duterte made a notorious remark in a media interview regarding an incident where Paolo’s name was allegedly linked to a carnapping syndicate led by Ryan Yu. Duterte is infamously quoted as having said Kill my son Paolo if he is involved in crime. Paolo was never charged for lack of evidence and eventually won the Davao City vice mayoralty in 2013.[46] Duterte’s mother Soledad died on February 4, 2012 at the age of 95.[47]

Rodrigo Duterte has been publicly very open about his infidelity and philandering while married to Zimmerman and cited it as the reason for his failed first marriage when asked in interviews. In 1998, Zimmerman filed a petition with the Regional Trial Court in Pasig to nullify her marriage. Duterte never appeared in court and did not contest Zimmerman’s petition. Two years later, the court decided in her favor, ending the 27-year marriage of Duterte and Zimmerman. Duterte and Zimmerman have been on good terms in recent years with Zimmerman stating, “Yes, he [Rodrigo] is really a very good leader. That is all he is. But when it comes to family, he is not capable of taking care of it.” In 2001, Zimmerman eventually ran for a seat on the city council but lost. Duterte and Zimmerman are said to have patched things up and appear to be civil to each other, 15 years after their marriage was declared null and void. Zimmerman also emphasized in an interview that, despite Duterte’s womanizing, he listens to activist women and set up a program that mainstreams “gender and development” issues. Davao City won the Galing Pook award for “gender-responsive” governance in 2004.[48] On November 30, 2015, he openly admitted to being a “womanizer“.[49] Party-list group GABRIELA defended Duterte, saying that the people should focus on his track record, and not on the womanizing ways of the Mayor. The group noted that Duterte’s kissing of female supporters was sensationalized and hyped by media.[50]

Despite his status being listed as ‘single’ in the Davao City government website, Duterte is currently living with his common-law wife Honeylet, a nurse, with whom he has one daughter named Veronica (“Kitty”).[10][51]


Despite being raised as a communicant of the Catholic Church, he was thought to have cursed Pope Francis for the pontiff’s visit to the Philippines in January 2015 because it caused a traffic jam. He immediately then apologized through the media saying he wasn’t ‘cursing’ the Pope but the government’s way of preparing the Pope’s visit.[52] On January 19, 2016 while meeting with businessmen in Binondo, Manila on Tuesday, he clarified that he did not still attend church since it was incompatible with his mayoral responsibilities: “(Kung) pakinggan ko yang Ten Commandments, pati yung pari diyan, wala na akong magagawa sa pagka-mayor ko” [Translation: “If I obey the Ten Commandments or listen to priests, I would not be able to do anything as a mayor.”]. Duterte then clarified that he had not abandoned God, only “forfeited” his religion for the meantime.[53]

Duterte has revealed that he was one of the many students who was sexually abused by a priest from his previous school, Ateneo de Davao University (AdDU) during circa late 1950s.[54] After he was challenged by the Catholic Bishops’ Conference of the Philippines (CBCP) and AdDU officials to name the priest and file a case against him, Duterte then revealed the priest’s name as Fr. Mark Falvey, SJ (d. 1975).[55] The Jesuits of the Society of Jesus in the Philippines confirmed that according to press reports in the United States, in May 2007, the Society of Jesus agreed to a tentative payout of USD16 million to settle claims that Falvey sexually abused at least nine children in Los Angeles from 1959 to 1975. Accusations against Falvey began in 2002 and he was never charged with a crime. Additionally in May 2008, the Diocese of Sacramento paid USD100,000 settlement to a person allegedly raped and molested by Mark’s brother, Fr. Arthur Falvey. However, it was not clearly indicated in the report if Mark Falvey was assigned at the Jesuit-run Ateneo de Davao.[56] When asked why he didn’t complain when the abuse supposedly happened, Duterte claimed that he was too young to complain about the priest’s abuse and was intimidated by authorities at that time. He also stated that he never disclosed that information after he was expelled and moved to a different high school and especially not to his family, .[57] On December 4, 2015, Duterte along with his executive assistant Bong Go, visited and talked with Davao Archbishop Romulo Valles and Bishop George Rimando, together with Monsignor Paul Cuison to get lectured on Christian Values. Duterte committed to lessen his profanity in public gatherings and even assured that he will donate ₱1,000 to Caritas Davao everytime he swears in public. He also stated that he will be planning to visit the Vatican at a later time.[58]


Duterte personally disclosed that he suffers from Buerger’s Disease, an inflammation of blood vessels mostly in the limbs that has been traced to previous habitual smoking, contrary to earlier rumors of throat cancer.[59]


  1. Frialde, Mike (December 10, 2015). “Duterte: I may not last 6 years in office”. The Philippine Star. Retrieved December 17, 2015.